Iran has a similar project partnership with India and Russia, the north-south international corridor.  There are also forward-looking developments in Pakistan. In the past, both Iran and Pakistan have had friendly relations with China. The benefits of the Belt and Road Initiative have the potential to outweigh political and religious differences.  Freer trade between Iran and Pakistan because of railways and ports could open up potential development in both countries. There would also be a stronger and unified front to push Afghanistan to follow suit.  This potential agreement would also relieve India`s pressure on Pakistan and China.  But the agreement indicates that Russia remains a niche partner and that its global power is overshadowed by Beijing. Beijing and Moscow may often agree, but this agreement does not signal the imminent arrival of a new Asian axis. Iran has traditionally looked west towards Europe for trading and investment partners. But she is increasingly frustrated by European countries that have opposed Mr.
Trump`s policies but have implicitly withdrawn from the agreements promised by the nuclear deal. Beijing looks set for a geopolitical victory for itself, but the deal will likely also create long-term problems for China, which are not easy to solve. Indeed, after the signing of the JCPOA in July 2015, China and Iran agreed to extend trade relations to $600 billion in ten years from January 2016, when Xi Jinping made a state visit to Hassan Rouhani.  This corresponds to an increase of more than 1,000%.  The agreement was consistent with the One Belt, One Road Framework. A total of 17 agreements have been signed, including one on Iran`s nuclear program. The Chinese will help connect Tehran with Mr. Mchhad through their high-speed rail technology.  Beijing is confident that it will be able to deal with the regional political consequences of the agreement by reminding countries competing with Iran that they are also important economic partners with China.
China has invested heavily in both the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia and has positioned itself as an important facilitator of the economic diversification of both countries. So far, China has moved well enough in the Policy of the Levant to establish economic relations with Israel, another important regional player that would deal with any agreement. Projects, including airports, high-speed trains and subways, would affect the lives of millions of Iranians.