How Did The Paris Agreement Start

The Bali 2007 Action Plan opened discussions on a new agreement that provides for «full, effective and sustainable implementation» of the UNFCCC. The agreement is expected to be adopted at COP 15 in Copenhagen in 2009. More than 100 world heads of state and government met in Copenhagen for the summit, but negotiators were unable to overcome their differences. President Barack Obama and other heads of state and government intervened to quickly negotiate the Copenhagen agreement, but a handful of countries objected to its failure to formally adopt the COP. The suspension of the first meeting would mean that the first meeting could last more than a year, or even, if necessary, several years before the work is completed at COP21, in accordance with the timetable already agreed by the parties. Under the UNFCCC, there is already a precedent for such procedures. The most notable was COP6, which was suspended in 2000 because the contracting parties were unable to reach agreement on key issues; in this case, the November COP in The Hague was suspended and resumed in Bonn in July 2001 (cop 6 bis). There is also a recent precedent within the ADP, which held only two meetings, each consisting of several parties over five years; the second meeting finally ended at COP21. From 30 November to 11 December 2015, France hosted representatives from 196 countries at the end of the Un Climate Change Conference (UN), one of the largest and most ambitious global meetings ever held. The goal was nothing less than a binding and universal agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions to levels that would prevent global temperatures from rising more than 2oC above the lower temperature levels set before the start of the industrial revolution. The process of transposing the Paris Agreement into national agendas and implementing it has begun.

The commitment of least developed countries (LDCs) is an example. The LDC Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency for Sustainable Development initiative, known as LDCs REED, aims to bring sustainable and clean energy to millions of energy-hungry people in LDCs, improve access to energy, create jobs and contribute to achieving sustainable development goals. [73] After three years of the agreement`s entry into force, the contracting parties may withdraw from the agreement; However, they cannot express reservations about the agreement. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which set legally binding emission reduction targets (as well as penalties for non-compliance) only for industrialized countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developing – to take their share and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, the Paris Agreement provides for greater flexibility: commitments that countries should make are not included, countries can voluntarily set their emissions targets and countries will not be penalized if they do not meet their proposed targets. But what the Paris agreement requires is to monitor, report and reassess, over time, the objectives of individual and collective countries, in order to bring the world closer to the broader objectives of the agreement. And the agreement stipulates that countries must announce their next round of targets every five years, contrary to the Kyoto Protocol, which was aimed at this target but which contained no specific requirements to achieve this goal.